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Finding a back-friendly bike

The perception of back-friendly bicycle ergonomics has changed in recent years. Up to now the focus was on design principles such as full suspension or low weight. Today the configuration of bicycles is defined by the individual needs of the customer. The main emphasis is on the following questions: What is the purpose of the bike? Which paths/surfaces will it be used on? Which distances should it cover? Which speed will be used? What are the customer's physical prerequisites? Bicycle ergonomics therefore have to adapt to the individual wishes and needs of the customer.

This change in outlook has shifted the focus from the manufacturer to the retailer when it comes to "ergonomic, back-friendly bikes". It is no longer appropriate to make general statements such as "the products of this bike manufacturer are back-friendly". Instead, the solution is as follows: "this retailer offers ergonomic expertise and is capable of selecting the right product for each individual customer from a wide range of bicycles, and knows how to optimise the ergonomic design with the right additional components and correct adjustment of the bicycle".

This changed approach is also supported by the wide range of available bicycle components. Manufacturers of bicycle accessories have improved the ergonomic quality of grips and saddles in recent years with a differentiated expansion of their selections. A comprehensive range of handlebars, stems and seat posts is available. In principle, this makes it possible to adjust the right saddle and the right grips to every necessary position so that the "ergonomic triangle" comprising saddle, handlebars and pedals can be adapted to every individual cyclist.

A competent retailer should be able to find the ideal solution for the specific combination of ergonomic positioning, cycling behaviour/cycling dynamics and individual needs. The basic bike and its additional components such as handlebars, grips, stems, saddle, seat posts, cranks and pedals should be individually adjusted to warrant a physiological posture and physiological movement sequences.

You want to correctly adjust your bicycle yourself at home? No problem with the right tools. For example what is known as a Fitting Box. It helps cyclists with correct adjustment. That is important for cycling in comfort. Complaints can be considerably reduced or even eliminated this way.

Anyone who is still not certain what bicycle is the best choice for them will find helpful tips under “Three steps to a back-friendly bicycle”:
What are the different bicycle types, and what should you consider in choosing one?
What should you watch for in regards to the handlebars, grips, seat and more?

Visit for further information.


Bicycle adjustment aids

Minimum requirements

  • A bicycle adjustment aid has to be systematic, comprehensible and straightforward for a layperson to use in practice. It is intended to provide cyclists with fast and uncomplicated instruction for individual adjustment covering the following ergonomics criteria:
    • The right seat height, seat angle and horizontal seat adjustment – for example with the help of a seat template, spirit level, measuring tape, plumb-line, calculated values in a table and a manual with illustrations
    • The adjustment of the handlebar/seat distance – for example with the help of a length template, seat template, table of values and a manual with illustrations
    • The handlebar height – for example with the help of a measuring tape, a table of values and a manual with illustrations
    • The cockpit setting – for example with the help of an angle template, a table of values and a manual with illustrations
    • The shoe positioning – for example with the help of a manual with illustrations and a shoe templatee

Also appropriate

  • The bicycle adjustment aid should be suitable for various bicycle types and different users

Products in this sector with the AGR seal of approval


Ergon International GmbH
Universitätsstraße 2
56070 Koblenz
Phone +49 261/899 99 80
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Further information

The alternative: Stepper bicycle

For example, if you no longer cycle for health reasons or are looking for an alternative to conventional cycling, you should consider a stepper bike. It combines the advantages of cycling and running with each other and is even easier on the back and joints than the bicycle because of the upright posture when riding.

Further information click here.

Ten reasons for the e-bike

E-bikes or pedelecs continue to be the bicycle industry’s booming segment. According to the Zweirad-Industrie-Verband (ZIV), they had a 23.5 per cent market share in 2018 – with a rising trend. What makes the tailwind from a wall socket so appealing? The pressedienst-fahrrad has compiled ten of the leading arguments. Click here and read more!



Correctly adjusted bicycle